Kenana Sugar Company - Sustainability
From crop to shop





The social dimension is an integral part of the sugar industry

KSC represents an effective model in rural development with proven success in offering basic infrastructure and services to the growing community free of charge, including education, electricity, treated water, roads, transport and healthcare. We started the social development long before the factory’s erection. Our commitment towards the development of society goes beyond the factory area to the neighboring villages, as we provide:


As the largest integrated and diversified sugar factory, the farm and the factory are under one management, which created a huge demand for labor for both agriculture and agro-industry. We employ more than 16,000 people from unskilled labor to technicians and engineers in all different work fields and specialties (i.e. agronomists, mechanical, electrical, civil engineers, research staff, accountants, doctors, store keepers and administrators)

Social Services

Due to the rapid growing nature of the sugar industry, remote large areas of land were required for growing sugar cane. All social services needed by employees, were to be provided, including housing, potable water supply, power supply, network connections, education, medical health care, clubs, and mosques.

In addition, KSC has developed six agricultural headquarter villages and provides houses, water, electric supply, schools and clinics to those villages.

Water treatment plants

KSC provided water treatment plants for the four surrounding villages Abutoggaba, Elhejra, Fangoga, and Military Area with overall population of 100,000 and daily total production of 3,000 M3 of treated water. All operating expenses are covered by Kenana.
In addition Kenana provided treated water distribution points for other remote areas which are supervised by the government authorities.


Prior to KSC’s establishment in 1975 there were no schools in the area, so people were obliged to send students to Kosti town (40 km) from Kenana.
In 1984 the construction of schools started at Kenana. The number of the students increase is per following:

Year 1980 1990 2010
Kindergarten school 239 489 1,824
Primary School students 1433 2980 8,096
Secondary school students N.A 240 1,719
Total 1672 3700 11,639


And the number of schools increased as follows:


Year 1980 1990 2010
Kindergarten schools 5 10 23
Primary Schools 5 10 23
Secondary schools 1 2 5
Total 11 22 51


Far Reach


Kenana participated in developing the surrounding villages by construction of two primary schools at Abutoggaba and two primary schools at Elhejra, in addition to two new classes & complete rehabilitation for the primary school at Fangoga.


Electric power supply & disruption


We supply 3.5 MW of electricity to all KSC’s townships, and 1.5 MW of electricity to area villages and other social service premises like schools, clubs, mosques, hospitals and clinics.


Other social services


KSC has built all mosques, clubs, and a football stadium; in addition we maintain and manage all those facilities.

KSC participation in supporting social development and activities at the national level has always been recognized and celebrated by the society.







EnvironmentAs environment is an inbuilt part of KSC operation, we positively contribute in sustaining the environment.

KSC’s estate includes 100,000 Acres of irrigated cane fields. In addition KSC grows in the surrounding area a total of 8000 Acres of different species of trees. It includes indigenous trees, different acacia species, Eucalyptus, etc. Those forests are commercialized to reduce human deforestation practices and to work as a wind break to reduce the bad effect of desertification. Also the green wet fields reduce the average temperature in the surrounding areas by about two degrees centigrade. KSC green fields of 100,000 Acres works as a huge lung which take carbon dioxide and release oxygen to the atmosphere
KSC agricultural practices have always been developed around environmental awareness. Hence we use filter mud, vinasse, and animal residues as a fertilizer to reduce the use of none-organic fertilizers. This reduces the impact of chemical fertilizers by efficient utilization of resources

KSC is the first to introduce green harvesting in the country. It is implementing a green harvesting program across its harvesting operations, supported by the acquisition of appropriate mechanical harvesters which allows eliminating of cane burning prior to harvesting. The waste cane leafage is now converted into green fodder.

To ensure irrigation efficiency, KSC has developed a water efficient Hydro-flume system based on drip irrigation techniques to manage water resources efficiently.

KSC is utilizing Sugar by-products, such as molasses and bagasses to produce animal feed and Ethanol as environment friendly energy sources

KSC is working with the Government of Sudan to produce a clean fuel to meet Sudan’s international commitments as a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol. We are also working hand in hand with car manufacturers in Sudan to produce the first flexi-fuel engine. KSC is also reviewing its fleet of vehicles with the goal of replacing conventional fuel with Ethanol.